Common European Framework level (CEFR)

The Common European Framework outlines the following abilities expected of students at each level.

Level A1

-Can understand and use familiar everyday expression

-Can understand very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.

-Can introduce him/herself and others

-Can ask and answer questions about personal details such
as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.

-Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks
slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

Level B2

-Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete
and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field
of specialisation.

-Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity
that makes regular interaction with native speakers
quite possible without strain for either party.

-Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages
of various options.

Level A2

-Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related
to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal
and family information, shopping, local geography, employment)

-Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple
and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters

-Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background,
immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Level C1

-Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts,
and recognise implicit meaning.

-Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously
without much obvious searching for expressions.

-Can use language flexibly and effectively for social,
academic and professional purposes.

-Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex
subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns,
connectors and cohesive devices.

Level B1

-Can understand the main points of clear standard input
on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.

-Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling
in an area where the language is spoken.

-Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar
or of personal interest.

-Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions
and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

Level C2

-Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.

-Can summarise informatio from different spoken
and written sources, reconstructing arguments
and accounts in a coherent presentation.

-Can express him/herself spontaneously,

very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades
of meaning even in the most complex situations.